Jan 15, 2020

With the way many kinds of artworks are upheld and given such a privileged role in society today, I’ve always been a firm believer that art can’t afford to not say something meaningful or inspire people to do better. Then again, art these days tend to seem obscure and mysterious to the point where it can be hard to decode what it’s trying to imply—that is, on their own. This is where interpreters, curators, aesthetics professors and even artists themselves come in to give a sense of where an artwork is coming from and what they’re trying to say. 

So it wasn’t a surprise to find myself thrilled to be at Silverlens Galleries’ art symposium Local Matters: Martha Atienza and Yee I-Lann on Communities, the Environment, and Art last Jan. 11. The discussion was in conjunction with both artists’ exhibitions namely Martha’s “Equation of State” and Yee’s “ZIGAZIG ah!” The two artists along with their team discussed how they are using their respective art forms to tackle, redirect attention, and, ultimately, come up with concrete solutions to the social and environmental issues of their communities. 

On Martha Atienza’s “Equation of  State” 

 Dutch-Filipino artist Martha Atienza’s “Equation of the State” centers around the documentation of the current state of the Bantayan island in Cebu where she grew up in. The preview that I watched for her exhibit was a three-channel video piece of individual fishermen and divers in and out of the seawater. Each one going through the phases of the sea, almost swallowing them up or the fishermen drifting away along with it at different intervals.

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Take a moment to experience this snippet of Martha Atienza’s single-channel film ‘Panangatan 11°09'53.3"N 123°42'40.5"E 2019-10-24 Thu 6:42 AM PST 1.29 meters High Tide 2019-10-12 Sat 10:26 AM PST 1.40 meters High Tide’. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Households 31, Population 240, Chapel San Vicente, Area 8,489 sqm. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Income Php 20,000-25,000 p/m from seaweed. Owner island: Mariano Dequilado ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ All of the above are observed as the camera slowly traverses the island group’s coast. Churches, bangka’s, basketball courts, sea walls and houses are in various states of decay. Through the documentation of Bantayan Island’s coastal conditions, ‘Equation of State’ asks us to think about environmental management and socio-economic development. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ‘Equation of State’ by Martha Atienza is on view along with Yee I-Lann’s ‘ZIGAZIG ah!’ and Corinne de San Jose’s ’59.59’ until 11 January 2020. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ #SilverlensGalleries #ContemporaryArt #MarthaAtienza #EquationofState #Environment #Video #Film

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This is admittedly Atienza’s allegory to the fishermen’s constant struggle in rough waters and changing times just to provide for their families. It is an effective one at that as just watching the Three-minute clip literally made me feel breathless at the thought of being in their position along with the anxiety that comes with the endless cycle of desperately keeping your head above water. 

The main piece was a slowed down, single-channel video Panangatan 11°09’53.3″N 123°42’40.5″E 2019-10-24 Thu 6:42 AM PST 1.29 meters High Tide 2019-10-12 Sat 10:26 AM PST 1.40 meters High Tide, which was a documentation of Bantayan Island’s coast showing glimpses of the local’s churches, boats, houses, and even some of the residents going about their day-to-day lives.

 

Three- channel video of fishermen/divers moving in and out of the water. Photo by Joy Therese Gomez

The atmosphere of the video was dark and eerie to say the least due to the fact that you could also see how things were either on the verge of being overcome by the rising sea levels or are on their way to decay for a handful of reasons. One of which was Super Typhoon Yolanda’s devastation of the island. Nonetheless, the video can also be said to depict the resilience of these structures and its residents.The last part of Atienza’s “Equation of the State” was a set of mangrove plants whose roots were mechanically manipulated to be submerged in water at different intervals.

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Take a moment to experience this snippet of Martha Atienza’s single-channel film ‘Panangatan 11°09'53.3"N 123°42'40.5"E 2019-10-24 Thu 6:42 AM PST 1.29 meters High Tide 2019-10-12 Sat 10:26 AM PST 1.40 meters High Tide’. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Households 31, Population 240, Chapel San Vicente, Area 8,489 sqm. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Income Php 20,000-25,000 p/m from seaweed. Owner island: Mariano Dequilado ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ All of the above are observed as the camera slowly traverses the island group’s coast. Churches, bangka’s, basketball courts, sea walls and houses are in various states of decay. Through the documentation of Bantayan Island’s coastal conditions, ‘Equation of State’ asks us to think about environmental management and socio-economic development. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ‘Equation of State’ by Martha Atienza is on view along with Yee I-Lann’s ‘ZIGAZIG ah!’ and Corinne de San Jose’s ’59.59’ until 11 January 2020. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ #SilverlensGalleries #ContemporaryArt #MarthaAtienza #EquationofState #Environment #Video #Film

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Atienza’s obsession with mangroves to the extent of displaying it as an art piece stems from the shrub being a possible solution to the effects of climate change. Mangroves are known to store CO2 emissions and greenhouse gases, consequently being able to reduce these damaging gases’ presence in the atmosphere.  Moreover, the mechanical motion, which regulates the plants’ growth, represents and emphasizes the necessity of man-made intervention in order for these kinds of solutions to thrive. 

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Martha Atienza’s “Equation of State II Rhizophora Stylosa” (2019) takes centerstage in our gallery space. The installation simulates the environment in which the mangrove species Rhizophora stylosa is meant to thrive in. Atienza uses an Arduino programmed mechanism that lifts these mangroves in and out of the water at various intervals. By using man-made systems, the artist demonstrates how our actions can affect the environment. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Tomorrow, 11 January 2020, Martha Atienza and her collaborators will discuss their practices within a broader context in our symposium “Local Matters: Martha Atienza and Yee I-Lann on Communities, the Environment, and Art”. The symposium will be from 1 – 4 PM in the gallery. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Tomorrow is also the last day to see “Equation of State” by Martha Atienza, “ZIGAZIG ah!” by Yee I-Lann, and “59.59” by Corinne de San Jose before they close. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ #SilverlensGalleries #MarthaAtienza #EquationofState #Environment #Art

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The video camera as a microphone

Atienza’s work was a haunting experience that embedded ponderings about the islanders’ way of living and how they’ve dealt with a degenerating environment. The artist is fully aware of how the product of video documentation using the right angles and conditions can condition people to see things from a broader perspective. She figuratively describes it as “using the video camera as a microphone” in the sense of letting the issues speak for themselves. 

“If the guys [fishermen] could just see how they are at sea, they’d be proud of what they’re doing,” says Atienza.

Still shot of Martha Atienza’s Panangatan 11°09’53.3″N 123°42’40.5″E 2019-10-24 Thu 6:42 AM PST 1.29 meters High Tide 2019-10-12 Sat 10:26 AM PST 1.40 meters High Tide.. Photo by Joy Therese Gomez

The voice which Atienza’s process develops, however, is not only for spectators like us; she, alongside her team, says that their struggle to organize the island’s residents after Super Typhoon Yolanda was brought about by their paralyzing dependency on donations and their inactive local government.

In this sense and more importantly, the documentation was also meant for the subjects themselves to recognize their own problems. Atienza’s multi-layered account of their community is ultimately all part of her bigger plan to help them get back on their feet. “If the guys [fishermen] could just see how they are at sea, they’d be proud of what they’re doing.” 

 

On Yee I-Lann’s “Zigazig ah!”

Art wall of Yee I-Lann’s multi-colored modern Tikar commonly known as mats or banig. Photo by Joy Therese Gomez

Yee I-Lann’s “Zigazig ah!” was an installation of a variety of multi-colored woven ‘Tikar,’ in Malay which translates to mat in English or banig in Filipino. The contemporary Sabahan artist transforms this traditional everyday object by incorporating her background in photomedia to come up with modern pixelated patterns that, in collaboration with Dusun Murut weavers from a Malaysian tribe in Sabah, are elegantly converted into woven pixels. 

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Yee I-Lann’s ‘whoa whoa yeah yeah’ (2019) features a few lyrics from iconic English karaoke songs. How many do you spot? ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Using natural and blackened split bamboo pus weave, Dusun Murut weavers in Keningau worked with the artist to develop pattern translating digital pixels into woven pixels. Here, we read messages pieced together from the lyrics of English karaoke favorites in Semporna and Keningau: lines about love, longing, abuse, betrayal, regret, beautiful lands and stormy seas, and, from the Spice Girls’ breakthrough 1996 hit, Wannabe, “zig-a-zigah”. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ Stop by the gallery to see the rest of Yee I-Lann’s ‘ZIGAZIG ah!’ on view along with Martha Atienza’s ‘Equation of State’ and Corinne de San Jose’s ’59.59’ before we close for the holidays on Sunday, 22 December 2019. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ #SilverlensGalleries #YeeILann #ZIGAZIGah #Gallery #ContemporaryArt #Karaoke #SpiceGirls #Environment #Weave

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Pixels are noticeably language for the modern world and one of her larger pieces actually carry the lines of karaoke favorites including the famous “zigazig ah!” from the Spice Girls’ breakthrough hit “Wannabe,” where the title of the exhibit was derived. The piece looks like one big typewritten banner but, along with the rest of her Tikar designs, is actually a handwoven splitted bamboo mat effectively executed in collaboration with Dusun Murut weavers from Keningau. 

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Before settling into @NationalGallerySingapore, Yee I-Lann’s “Tikar-a-Gagah” (2019) embarked on many adventures! Swipe left to see where it has been. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ “Tikar-a-Gagah” (2019) is a collaboration between Yee I-Lann and indigenous weavers in Sabah, a northern Borneo state in Malaysia. One side of the tikar (mat in English or banig in Tagalog) was made by the Bajau Sama DiLaut communities from Semporna, and the other by the Dusun and Murut communities from Keningau. The woven mat is a utilitarian and ceremonial object found across Southeast Asia. When laid out, the tikar becomes a place for social gatherings; when hung, it becomes an object that triggers the recollection of histories, memories and narratives in the viewer. Yee I-Lann’s “Tikar-a-Gagah” (2019) is on view at National Gallery Singapore. You can also see Yee I-Lann’s tikars in ‘ZIGAZIG ah!’ at SILVERLENS until 11 January 2020. We will also be representing Yee I-Lann at S.E.A. Focus 2020 @seafocus. Images courtesy of Yee I-Lann #YeeILann #Tikar #NationalGallerySingapore #Community #OUTBOUNDS

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The defining factor of the majority of these mats are evidently the different kinds of superimposed tables in each one. While it’s easy to think that this may just be an arbitrary design, each essentially deserved to be hung on the walls of the gallery for the fact that it was oozing with meaning. 

a mat is also where people could literally and figuratively be level with each other. Being on a mat or on the ground with other people is a humbling and communal experience that encourages everyone to feel like equals. 

What drew her to creating these mats was the way each piece was “an architectural space that gets unrolled for all kinds of things.” A mat was initially where most Southeast Asian cultures held many of their social gatherings and even daily activities. 

With this, I-Lann ingeniously puts forward that a mat is also where people could literally and figuratively be level with each other. Being on a mat or on the ground with other people is a humbling and communal experience that encourages everyone to feel like equals. In contrast to tables, there is no place for a kabisera or principal position and metaphorically, no other structures that divide or encourage hierarchies.  

Some table designs are more opaque and evident as opposed to some that almost seem to be be faded. Photo by Joy Therese Gomez

Thus, the tables on the mats represent the patriarchy and the evident power politics that came along with the West’s colonization of Southeast Asian countries. Surveying the mats reveals l-Lann’s exploration of a wide variety of tables for different kinds of purposes like this office table:

One of Yee I-Lan’s modern tikar design. From its shape alone that clearly depicts multiple cabinets, you can tell that the symbol is an office table or desk. Photo by Joy Therese Gomez

Each type of table subliminally represents a certain kind of power relation we accept but Yee, in her works, makes it clear to put these tables back on the mats and reclaim this aspect of Southeast Asia from colonialism. 

 

‘Exploding the mat’ 

I-Lann is tremendously passionate about blowing the mat out of proportions that modern civilization usually confines it in or as she calls it ‘exploding the mat.’ Since 2018, she has been teaming up with Kak Roziah Binti Jalalid, community organizer and chairperson of the Women’s Association of Pulau Omadal (WAPO)—a community-based organization that address threats to the marine environment such as destructive fishing practices and pollution—to organize large-scale community  weaving projects. 

These projects revive their heritage’s craft as a sustainable livelihood that not only brings income to women but stops them from having to go to sea to fish with their husbands. The economic growth and reassurance that this brings to each household, in turn, reduces excessive fishing for the tourist market on their island and lets marine life regenerate. 

Yee I-Lann discussing the origins of the mats with Omarjan Jahuran (right) and Kak Roziah Bindi Jahalid (left). Photo by Silverlens Galleries

Recently, Yee I-Lann has been in collaboration with Badjao cultural worker and community organizer from Tawi-Tawi, Omarjan Jahuran. Like Yee, Jahuran  also wants to preserve their tribe’s way of making high quality mats as well as empower the community through this craft. They both share the aim of making the largest tepoh or banig in the world not only for it to possibly be recorded as such but more importantly, for this democratic space to flourish again. 

 

A universal struggle

Martha Atienza and Yee I-Lanns joint panel discussion along with their teams. Photo by Silverlens Galleries

After their dialogues was a joint panel discussion that centered on the evident theme of their artworks: the aim for island community empowerment. In two distinct and remote settings arise the universal struggle of these communities to stay afloat despite the consequences of environmental issues and the threat of modernization.

For the residents of Bantayan Island, this need stems from their lack of solidarity and urgency to overcome the setback of Super Typhoon Yolanda. And in the case of the women of the Bajau Sama Dilaut tribe, it was the difficulty of finding steady means of livelihood given the fact that they= were stateless. The two artists along with the teams they’ve built, however, are a testament to how people can come together and communicate their struggles universally through art. 

Although the solutions to these struggles can only be attained through communities working together to lift each other up, this is where collaborations between artists and communities become crucial. 

I can’t think that I myself can make this change,” says Atienza. “You have to work with other people or the community.”

 

 

Header photo by Silverlens Galleries

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TAGS: art banig bantayan island climate change Martha Atienza mats sabah tekir videography Yee I-lan yolanda